Varicocele

What is a Varicocele?

Varicocele is a very common condition in adult males, affecting nearly 15 percent of them. In the condition of varicoceles, the veins in the scrotum become visibly enlarged or twisted. This happens due to damaged vein valves. The damaged valves do not function properly, resulting in a reflux of blood. The blood then starts to pool in the veins, thereby making them swollen and enlarged. Varicoceles quite often lead to infertility issues and thus require to be treated in time.

Treatment

Diagnosis

The doctor may ask you about your medical history and then conduct some physical exams, blood tests, and imaging tests to assess the severity of the condition.

The doctor conducts the physical exam to look for tenderness and to examine the testicles. After the physical exam, the doctor may also conduct a scrotal ultrasound to get a detailed and accurate picture of the scrotal veins.

In addition to these, some blood tests and semen analysis tests may also be performed to check if varicoceles have impacted the fertility or the hormone levels.

Procedure

Percutaneous embolization- In this procedure, the doctor inserts a catheter into the body through the groin. The doctor then injects a solution through this catheter into the affected scrotal veins. The solution blocks the vein by scarring it and the damaged vein then collapses. The blood then flows through other healthy veins and the varicocele is treated.

Prevention of varicocele

There are no preventive measures that can stop varicocele from occurring. But fortunately, there are some tips that improve circulation, strengthen vein structure and boost collagen production. These factors prevent new veins from swelling.

Avoid a sedentary lifestyle. It is important that you don’t sit or stand for long periods without any break.

Drink lots of water. Keep yourself hydrated to prevent sperm damage and maintain a proper pH balance.

Maintain a healthy lifestyle. To live a healthy life, stop consuming excessive alcohol or caffeine, stimulant drugs, smoking or consuming a low fiber, processed food diet.

Consume Vitamin C-rich food. Vitamin C-rich food encourages collagen production and recovery. Some foodd that are rich in Vitamin C are broccoli, strawberries, mango, tomato, papaya, kale, and bell peppers.

Ensure a healthy heart. People suffering from untreated diabetes or any cardiovascular diseases are more likely to suffer from arterial obstruction, poor circulation of blood as well as varicoceles.

Eat food high in antioxidants to prevent damage to sperm.